Samara weaving dating history
The secondary motion of the loom are the: The principal parts of a loom are the frame, the warp-beam or weavers beam, the cloth-roll (apron bar), the heddles, and their mounting, the reed.
The warp-beam is a wooden or metal cylinder on the back of the loom on which the warp is delivered.
Then, the upper group is lowered by the loom mechanism, and the lower group is raised (shedding), allowing to pass the shuttle in the opposite direction, also in a straight motion.
Repeating these actions form a fabric mesh but without beating-up, the final distance between the adjacent wefts would be irregular and far too large.
One warp thread is called an end and one weft thread is called a pick.
The warp threads are held taut and in parallel to each other, typically in a loom. The warp is divided into two overlapping groups, or lines (most often adjacent threads belonging to the opposite group) that run in two planes, one above another, so the shuttle can be passed between them in a straight motion.
In general, weaving involves using a loom to interlace two sets of threads at right angles to each other: the warp which runs longitudinally and the weft (older woof) that crosses it.
Cloth is usually woven on a loom, a device that holds the warp threads in place while filling threads are woven through them.